Sunday, January 10, 2021
"The Problem of God's Existence" sermon by Pastor Daniel Mills
The thesis of this message is simply this: it is more rational to believe that God exists than that he does not.
The Evidence of Morality
“He is appealing to some kind of standard of behavior, which he expects the other man to know about. . . .It looks, in fact, very much as if both parties had in mind some kind of Law or Rule of fair play or decent behavior or morality or whatever you like to call it, about which they really agreed.” --C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity
“Agape, or selfless altruism, presents a major challenge for the evolutionist. It is quite frankly a scandal to reductionist reasoning. It cannot be accounted for by the drive of individual selfish genes to perpetuate themselves. Quite the contrary: it may lead humans to make sacrifices that lead to great personal suffering, injury, or death, without any evidence of benefit. And yet, if we carefully examine that inner voice we sometimes call conscience, the motivation to practice this kind of love exists within all of us, despite our frequent efforts to ignore it.” --Dr. Francis Collins, The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief (p. 27)
“Any notion of absolute good is what Dawkins calls a “misfiring—a precious mistake.” The problem with this explanation for good, as many have pointed out, is if we inherit our morality from genes wherein survival is the utmost consideration, many of our modern moral constructs are unexplainable and even counterproductive. For instance, why would laying down your life for people you have never met be considered heroic rather than stupid?” --The Problem of God, p. 49
“For evolutionary purposes, however, the opposite response—hostility to all people outside one’s group—should be just as widely considered moral and right behavior. Yet today we believe that sacrificing time, money, emotion, and even life—especially for someone “not of our kind” or tribe—is right. If we see a total stranger fall in the river we jump in after him, or feel guilty for not doing so. In fact, most people will feel the obligation to do so even if the person in the water is an enemy. How could that trait have come down by a process of natural selection? Such people would have been less likely to survive and pass on their genes. On the basis of strict evolutionary naturalism (the belief that everything about us is here because of a process of natural selection) that kind of altruism should have died out of the human race long ago. Instead, it is stronger than ever.” --Timothy Keller, The Reason for God, p. 148.
Romans 2:14-15 – Even Gentiles, who do not have God’s written law, show that they know his law when they instinctively obey it, even without having heard it. They demonstrate that God’s law is written in their hearts, for their own conscience and thoughts either accuse them or tell them they are doing right.
“The very fact that something within us is repelled by racism, sexism, and unequal treatment of the poor and disabled begs the question that such convictions would have to come from somewhere, for they are not natural.” --The Problem of God, p. 51
“I had started this journey of intellectual exploration to confirm my atheism. That now lay in ruins as the argument from the Moral Law (and many other issues) forced me to admit the plausibility of the God hypothesis.” --Dr. Francis Collins, The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief (p. 30).
The Evidence of Cosmology
Kalam Cosmological Argument
1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause
2. The universe began to exist
3. There, the universe has a cause
Genesis 1:1 – In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
“The Big Bang cries out for a divine explanation. It forces the conclusion that nature had a defined beginning. I cannot see how nature could have created itself. Only a supernatural force that is outside of space and time could have done that.” --Dr. Francis Collins, The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief (p. 67).
Psalm 8:3 – When I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers—the moon and the stars you set in place…
The Evidence of Design
Finely tuned constants:
- Oxygen level on earth
- Atmospheric Transparency
- Moon-Earth Gravitational Interaction
- Carbon Dioxide Level
- And so many more...
“Astronomy leads us to a unique event, a universe which was created out of nothing and delicately balanced to provide exactly the conditions required to support life. In the absence of an absurdly-improbable accident, the observations of modern science seem to suggest an underlying, one might say, supernatural plan.” – Nobel Laureate Arno Penzias, codiscoverer of the radiation afterglow
“If the rate of expansion one second after the Big Bang had been smaller by even one part in 100 thousand million million, the universe would have re-collapsed before it ever reached its present size” --Stephen Hawkings, A Brief History of Time
Psalm 139:13-14 – You made all the delicate, inner parts of my body and knit me together in my mother’s womb. Thank you for making me so wonderfully complex! Your workmanship is marvelous—how well I know it.
“To continue in atheism, I would need to believe that nothing produces everything, non-life produces life, randomness produces fine-tuning, chaos produces information, unconsciousness produces consciousness, and non-reason produces reason. I simply didn't have that much faith.” –Lee Strobel